Best known as a songwriter and guitarist for the English vocalist Morrissey, this British musician and composer also wrote hit songs for Chris Brown, Rihanna, Madonna, and The Black-Eyed Peas.
He began his lengthy association with Morrissey in 1991. He also performed with such California-based bands as Red Lightning and Tiger Army.
He earned a 2013 American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) Award for his popular song "Don't Wake Me Up" (made famous by singer Chris Brown).
A native of London, England, he later settled in Los Angeles, California.
He wrote more than eighty songs for Morrissey between 1992's Your Arsenal album and 2009's Years of Refusal.