A German author, essayist, radio editor, and publisher, he was important in the post-World War II period for his musings on politics, morality, and free will. He is known for his 1960 novel, Die Rote, and for his 1974 work, Winterspelt.
He became a leader in The Communist Party's youth division in 1930. As a result, he suffered a six-month-long imprisonment in the infamous Dachau concentration camp.
His work, The Father of a Murderer, was inspired by the fact that his childhood school teacher was Joseph Gebhard Himmler, the father of the infamous Nazi,
He married a German Jewish woman in 1943; later, they divorced, and he wed artist Gisela Dichgans in 1950.
While Andersch was experiencing the war, Anne Frank, a fellow German-born writer, was composing her now-famous diary.