Best remembered for his romantic association with the renowned Irish playwright and fiction writer Oscar Wilde, he also had a career as a writer in his on right, publishing such poetry collections as The City of the Soul and The Placid Pug. His memoir, The Autobiography of Lord Alfred Douglas, was published in 1931.
While studying at Magdalen College, Oxford, he edited a collegiate journal titled The Spirit Lamp.
His poem 'Two Loves' was used by the prosecution in the 1895 sodomy trial of Oscar Wilde.
After the death of his lover Oscar Wilde, Douglas married a poet named Olive Eleanor Custance. The union resulted in a son named Raymond Wilfred Sholto Douglas.
He was portrayed by Jude Law in the 1997 British biopic Wilde.