Former Leader of the Labor Party who served as the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia from 1983 to 1991. He was the Labor Party's longest-serving Prime Minister and he enacted many social reforms in Australia while he was in office.
He earned a degree in Law and Economics from the University of Western Australia before studying at the University of Oxford.
He held his first major office as a Member of the Australian Parliament for Wills from 1980 to 1992.
He married Blanche d'Alpuget in 1995 after a 39-year marriage to Hazel Masterson, which ended the same year. He and Hazel had four children together although one died in early infancy.
He was succeeded by Paul Keating as Prime Minister of Australia in 1991.