Former Leader of the Labor Party who served as the 23rd Prime Minister of Australia from 1983 to 1991. He is the Labor Party's longest-serving Prime Minister and he enacted many social reform in Australia while he was in office.
He earned a degree in Law and Economics from the University of Western Australia before studying at the University of Oxford.
He held his first major office as a Member of the Australian Parliament for Wills from 1980 to 1992.
He married Blanche d'Alpuget in 1995 after a 39-year marriage to Hazel Masterson which ended the same year.
He was succeeded by Paul Keating as Prime Minister of Australia in 1991.