Italian anti-Fascist politician who served as the Minister for Foreign Affairs from 1947 to 1951.
He served as a diplomat beginning in 1896 and was the Italian ambassador to France when Mussolini was elected. He was forced into exile from 1926 to 1943.
He signed a treaty for the European Coal and Steel Community in 1951, which made Italy a founding member.
He was born at his family's historic estate in Montignoso di Lunigiana in Tuscany. His father was the director of the historic archives of Lucca.
During his exile, he briefly stayed in the United States under Franklin Roosevelt.