An American fiction writer, he is best known for novels such as The Real McCoy, Chang and Eng, and Half a Life. He was the 2011 recipient of a National Book Critics Circle Award.
He studied at Tufts University. He later taught writing at New York University.
He won the Guggenheim Fellowship for Fiction Writing.
He married Susannah Meadows, a New York Times columnist. He and Meadows became parents to identical twin boys.
Author Nick Hornby praised Strauss's literary work.