U.S. lawyer and statesman who said, "Men do not fail; they give up trying."
He taught for one year at Rome New York Free Academy.
He held many positions such as New York Senator and the forty-first U.S. Secretary of War. He was the 1912 recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, and was known as the twentieth century wise man.
His daughter, Edith, married Ulysses S. Grant III.
He served as the thirty-eighth U.S. secretary of state while Theodore Roosevelt was president.