Pioneering African-American biologist who is best known for studying the role of the cell surface in the development of organisms. His autobiography Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just, was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1984.
He attended Dartmouth and the University of Chicago in 1915.
He was briefly imprisoned in a prisoner-of-war camp by Nazis while he was researching a paper in France but was rescued by the U.S. State Department.
He has two siblings, and his father and grandfather were dock builders.
He was fascinated and inspired by the work of Alfred Wegener.