Celebrated British social reformer and statistician, who is considered the founder of modern nursing. Later in her life she worked in India studying the effects of sanitation in rural life and helping to improve the country's health services and medical care.
She entered nursing after feeling the calling of God and was the superintendent at the Institute for the Care of Sick Gentlewomen in Upper Harley Street, London before the Crimean War started.
She was dubbed "The Lady with the Lamp" during the Crimean War, where she was serving as a nurse, because of her habit of making rounds at night.
Her parents were named Frances Smith and William Edward Nightingale.
Jaclyn Smith starred in a film inspired by her.