Biologist who taught at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and worked to develop X-ray techniques for biological purposes. He won the Albert Lasker Award in 1956 for his contributions to medical science.
He received an A.B. in 1924 and a Ph.D. in 1927 from Washington University in St. Louis.
He was the head of the Biology department at MIT in 1941 and a member of the National Academy of Sciences, the American Philosophical Society, and a former president of the Electron Microscope Society of America.
He had two siblings, Otto and Viola and his father owned a paint and wallpaper store.
Fellow scientist Vannevar Bush recruited Schmitt to work in the department of biology at MIT.