German, Nobel Prize-winning author of Siddhartha, Steppenwolf, and The Glass Bead Game. He was a 1946 recipient of the prestigious Goethe Prize.
His grandfather encouraged him to study literature. He published his debut poem, "Madonna," in 1896.
The Glass Bead Game imagined a calm and well-ordered world. This vision resonated with Germans of the post-World War II era.
His parents, Marie Gundert and Johannes Hesse, served as Protestant missionaries in India.
He and Thomas Mann were friends.