Pianist and singer who composed many classic songs, including "Star Dust" and "Heart and Soul."
He worked in construction, at a bicycle chain factory, and at a slaughterhouse to help with his family's finances.
Ray Charles performed a cover in the 1960s of Carmichael's song "Georgia On My Mind."
He married Ruth Meinardi on March 14, 1937; after their divorce in 1955, he remarried Wanda McKay on May 20, 1977.
He did a collaboration with Louis Armstrong on the song "Rockin' Chair."