Martin Luther King Jr.'s adviser who was arrested in Alabama in 1965, fomenting the historic Selma-Montgomery March and the Civil Rights Movement.
He marched with Dr. King in Atlanta in 1963 and was one of the principal organizers of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and in 1965 was leading a voter registration drive when arrested on trumped-up charges.
Protesters over his arrest clashed with police outside the courthouse and city hall, leaving one young man dead, which catalyzed Dr. King's march to the state's capital in Montgomery.
He was born in Birmingham, Alabama, the fourth of seven children and his father was an iron mill worker.
He was present at the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King, standing just below the balcony of the Lorraine Motel where Dr. King was shot.