Latvian politician who served as the first head of the independent Latvian state as the Chairman of Tautas Padome from 1918 to 1920. He also served as the first President of Latvia from 1922 to 1927.
He became a faculty member at Moscow University, teaching law.
His son was one of the leaders of the Latvian national resistance during World War II but was arrested by the Gestapo and died in a concentration camp.
He married Justine Cakste and they had 8 children together.
He and Joyce Banda both served as presidents.