One of the United States' Founding Fathers, as well as its first vice president and its second president.
His father wanted him to be a minister, but he instead opted to become a lawyer. He rose to fame as a vehement critic of the Stamp Act of 1765.
He controversially defended the British soldiers who were responsible for killing five civilians in the 1770 Boston Massacre.
He relied heavily on his wife, Abigail, for advice and insight, and their prolific correspondence became legendary. They married on October 25, 1764, and their children were named Nabby, John Quincy, Susanna, Charles, Thomas, and Elizabeth.
He served as vice president to the first president of the United States, George Washington.