Tennessee schoolteacher famous for his involvement in the Scopes Monkey Trial of the 1920s.
He worked as a high school football coach and substitute teacher in Dayton, Ohio before accepting a full-time teaching position in Tennessee.
He famously challenged Tennessee's Butler Act, which forbade the teaching of evolution.
His parents, Thomas and Mary Scopes, encouraged his education.
His legal defense team included the famous ACLU lawyer Clarence Darrow.