Influential Princeton University physicist who worked with Neils Bohr and
He developed an early interest in science from reading scientific publications, and went on to earn his doctorate at Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland.
In addition to his work on atomic theory, he studied the results of gravitational collapse in stars and coined the term 'black hole.'
He grew up in Jacksonville, Florida, both of his parents were librarians.
He, Niels Bohr and Enrico Fermi pioneered the theory of nuclear fission, by which atomic particles splitting released massive amounts of energy, leading the way for the creation of atomic weapons.