Served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court from 1910 to 1916.
He graduated from Bethany College in 1877.
He wrote opinions dealing with the early 1900s Leo Frank case in which a Jewish-American factory superintendent was convicted of murdering one of his workers and was then killed by a lynch mob.
He was the son of a minister.
He was nominated to the Supreme Court by President William H. Taft.