Leftist Peruvian General who organized as a successful Coup d'Etat against President Fernando Belaunde. He led Peru as the President of the Revolutionary Government of the Armed Forces of Peru from 1968 to 1975.
As a child he helped support his family by working as a shoe shine boy.
While ruling Peru his title was President of the Revolutionary Government, though eventually he was overthrown when his faculties began to slip due to a circulatory problem.
He grew up as one of 11 children to a medical assistant and his wife. He married Consuelo Gonzáles Arriola and together they had four children.
He was ousted from office by his fellow revolutionary Francisco Morales Bermudez.