An ethnographer, folklorist, and scientist integral in the Bulgarian National Revival. He wrote several 19th century Bulgarian textbooks on science, religion, and geography.
He started off as a teacher of the Bulgarian language, and helped establish two Solun high schools.
He became a member of the Bulgarian Academy of Science in 1900.
He was born in Ohrid.
Shapkarev and Maja Apostoloska are both renowned Macedonian writers.