Known for her ink drawings and oil paintings, this South African-born artist created psychologically and sociologically-themed works such as The Blindfolded Man; Dead Marilyn; The Pilgrim; and Pregnant Image.
In the 1970s, she attended the School of Fine Art at the University of Cape Town.
In 2002, her Marlene Dumas: Name No Names exhibition opened at New York City's New Museum of Contemporary Art.
A native of Cape Town, South Africa, she grew up speaking the Afrikaans language. Later in her life, she settled in Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
She created a portraiture series titled Great Men that features images of playwright Tennessee Williams, composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky, scientist Alan Turing, and other notable gay men.