Musician, jazz artist, and composer who scored Jean-Luc Godard's debut film À bout de souffle or Breathless from 1960.
His 1963 performance at the Rhode Island Newport Jazz Festival was so popular that it resulted in Newport '63, a studio recreation of the performance.
He wrote and recorded classical arrangements and works for many 12-piece bands in addition to composing film scores.
His mother sang opera and was instrumental in introducing him to music. He was largely self-taught apart from his mother's influence.
He collaborated with Django Reinhardt and Sidney Bechet.