Philologist who was an important contributor to modern semantics and the creator of the marathon race. He was also a professor at the Collège de France.
He studied at the Ecole Normale Superieure.
He was a member of the Academie des Inscriptions et Belles-letteres, and recipient of the Legion of Honour.
He was born in Landau, Bavaria.
He was born in Bavaria, where director Werner Herzog is from.