Azerbaijani philosopher and poet whose innovative literary work spans the genres of satire, realism, and lyric poetry. He published numerous politically-themed works in a satirical magazine entitled Molla Nasraddin.
He studied at age twelve with the renowned poet Seyid Azim Shirvani.
His writings were heavily influenced by the Russian Revolution of 1905.
He grew up in a large family in Shamakhy, Azerbaijan.
He and Sediq Afghan were both renowned Azerbaijani philosophers.