Paul Eluard

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Birthday
14, 1895
Birthplace
France
Death Date
Nov 26, 1952 (56)
Birth Sign
Sagittarius
Birthday
14, 1895
Birthplace
France
Death Date
Nov 26, 1952 (56)

About

Twentieth-century French poet known for Le temps deborde, Capitale de la douleur, and other works. He is remembered as a founder of literary surrealism.

Before Fame

He was sent to a Swiss sanatorium at age sixteen after he became ill from tuberculosis.

Trivia

He joined the French Communist Party and voiced his support for Joseph Stalin. These actions resulted in his alienation from the surrealist movement.

Family Life

He was married three times: first, to Elena Ivanovna Diakonova (who eventually left him for Salvador Dali); next, to a model and surrealist icon named Nusch (Maria Bens); and finally, to Dominique Laure.

Associated With

He collaborated with German artist Max Ernst. Ernst later lived in a sexual arrangement with Eluard and Elena Ivanovna Diakonova.