Developer of one of the first widely-used antibiotics, Nystatin, which she created with Elizabeth Lee Hazen by mail correspondence. She was inducted into the National Inventors Hall of Fame in 1994.
She and Hazen were colleagues at the New York Department of Health, but stationed in different cities, when they combined their knowledge to find an anti-fungal antibiotics.
Her invention not only helped cure many disabling diseases, but was also used to help rescue water-logged works of art from mold growth and for keeping trees free from pests.
She was born in Springfield, Massachusetts, her father George Hamilton Brown was a real estate and insurance agent.
Anna Fisher was another prominent female scientist - she flew aboard STS-51-A, as one of the first women to go into space.