One of the preeminent organic chemist of the 20th century who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1965 for demonstrating through his research that natural products could be synthesized.
He obtained a bachelor's degree from MIT.
He helped synthesize the vitamin B12, which is one of the most complex natural products ever to be synthesized.
He had two children with his first wife Irja Pullman, who he married in 1938; and two children with his second wife, Crystal Elisabeth after marrying 1979.
He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry a year after Dorothy Hodgkin did.