Civil rights activist who was the leader of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) from 1964 to 1977.
He was a member of Omega Psi Phi fraternity while at the University of Minnesota, where he graduated with a degree in sociology in 1923.
He was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom for impacting the outcome of pivotal events, such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
He lived with his wife Aminda Badeau.
He was criticized by Daisy Bates for his political views.