Nineteenth-century American military man who served in the Confederate Army during the American Civil War and in the United States Army during the Mexican-American War and the Second Seminole War.
He graduated in 1815 from the United States Military Academy.
Following his service in the Civil War, he became a farmer in Northern Virginia.
He was born and raised in New York. He wed Sarah Maria Mason, the sister of United States Representative James M. Mason, in 1827.
As a high-ranking Confederate general, he took orders directly from Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America.