She became immortalized as Scarlet O'Hara in the 1939 Civil War romance film Gone with the Wind. Her other notable films include Fire Over England, A Streetcar Named Desire, and Tovarich.
She studied at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art in London.
She suffered from bipolar disorder.
She was married to Laurence Olivier from 1940 to 1960. She was previously married to Herbert Leigh Holman whom she had a daughter with.
She starred with Marlon Brando in the movie A Streetcar Named Desire.