American politician who served as U. S. Secretary of War from 1815 to 1816 and Secretary of the Treasury from 1816 to 1825. He ran for president in 1824 but was defeated by John Quincy Adams.
His first foray into politics was to represent Georgia in the Senate from 1807 to 1813. He advanced quickly and was elected President pro tempore in 1811, having to serve as Acting Vice President when George Clinton died in 1812.
He was a member of the Columbian Institute for the Promotion of Arts and Sciences, which also hosted Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams as members.
He was married to Susanna Gerardine, with whom he had seven children.
He was appointed Secretary of the Treasury, Ambassador to France, and Secretary of War by U.S. President James Madison.