German politician and leader of the Social Democratic Party who was the Chancellor of Germany from 1969 to 1974. He is best known for his attempt to reconcile with the countries of the Soviet bloc.
In 1933 he left Germany for Norway to escape Nazi persecution.
He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1971 for his attempts to improve relations between West Germany and Soviet-controlled East Germany through his policy of Ostpolitik.
He married Rut Hansen in 1948.
John F. Kennedy was a big supporter of his and believed he was a useful tool in the Cold War.