A controversial figure, he was both a Ku Klux Klan leader and a writer of western-themed novels. He is best known for his 1973 work, The Rebel Outlaw: Josey Wales.
A staunch opponent of the Civil Rights movement, he was the speechwriter for Alabama's segregationist Governor, George Wallace.
He published a bestselling memoir under the guise of a Cherokee Indian, but his cover was blown by the New York Times.
He married India Thelma Walker, his high-school sweetheart. He and Walker subsequently had four children.
Clint Eastwood made Carter's popular Western novel, The Rebel Outlaw: Josey Wales, into a 1976 hit film of the same title.