German priest who was killed by the Nazis for openly protesting their persecution of Jews and the mentally ill.
He studied theology in Innsbruck, Austria and was ordained a priest in 1899.
He was awarded the title of Righteous among the Nations, an honorific used by the State of Israel to describe non-Jews who risked their lives during the Holocaust to save Jews from extermination.
He was the oldest of five children.
He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1996.