Jazz saxophone and clarinet player who led the Earl Hines Grand Terrace Orchestra and pioneered the swing-to-bop transition.
He started out playing drums before switching to the saxophone.
He worked with many of the jazz greats, including Benny Goodman, Coleman Hawkins, Dizzy Gillespie, and Duke Ellington.
He grew up in Dallas, Texas.
He was the longtime creative partner of Earl Hines.