French filmmaker who directed the acclaimed nine-and-a-half hour Holocaust documentary Shoah, which was released in 1985.
He joined the French resistance during World War II at the age of 18 and fought in Auvergne.
He was awarded with the Honorary Golden Bear for lifetime achievement at the 63rd Berlin International Film Festival in February 2013.
His brother was the writer Jacques Lanzmann.
He angrily disagreed with attempts to understand the motivations of Adolf Hitler, believing that such evil could not and should not be explained.