Leading Estonian architect who rose to prominence in Tallinn during the 1930s. He primarily adhered to functionalism, but also incorporated art deco, Chicago school, and traditionalism into his designs.
He studied at the Darmstadt University of Technology from which he graduated in 1925. He was steadily employed as an architect in Tallinn from 1928 until 1940, founding his own architecture bureau.
His most notable buildings in Tallinn included the Scandic Hotel Palace and a Chicago school-inspired office building in Vabaduse Square.
He was born in Vladivostok, Russia, but his family moved to Shanghai, China, during his childhood. He also spent time in Darmstadt.
He was active during the same period as fellow architect Frank Lloyd Wright.