French mathematician and physicist who is best known for her translation of Issac Newton's Principia Mathematica.
She was formally educated and was considered a mathematical prodigy at a young age.
She published a scientific paper on heat and light in 1737.
She married Marquis Florent-Claude du Chastellet-Lomont on June 12, 1725 when she was 18, and they had three children together.
She had a close relationship with Candide author Voltaire.