English-born, Baltic-German poet and author known for his 1894 work The Shadow of Death. His other poetry collections include Love, Sleep & Dreams and Myrtle, Rue and Cypress.
He was the son of a Baltic-German-Swedish Count and an English cotton heiress. He briefly studied at Balliol College, Oxford.
He suffered from drug addiction and was an eccentric who traveled with a monkey and a human-sized doll that he claimed was his child.
He had a homosexual relationship with Norman O'Neill, an orchestral conductor and composer.
His short story collection Studies of Death was praised by H.P. Lovecraft.