Estonian architect who was prominent during the first half of the 20th century. He was known to employ the expressionist, art nouveau, and functionalist styles.
He was educated at the Leibniz University of Hannover from 1905 until 1907 and graduated from the Riga Technical University in 1913.
He designed a number of buildings in Tallinn that were influenced by the expressionism and art nouveau movements.
He was born and raised in Tallinn, Estonia, in a family of Baltic German ancestry. He relocated to Germany in 1939.
He hailed from the same country as fellow architect Peep Janes.