Visible during the 1950s, '60s, and '70s as an opponent of the apartheid regime, this South African activist also had a prominent career as a scholar and writer. Her publications include Race and Suicide in South Africa, Passive Resistance, and a Nelson Mandela biography titled Higher than Hope.
After graduating from the University of the Witwatersrand, she earned a graduate degree in sociology from the University of Natal.
Her numerous honors include the 1994 Vishwa Gurjari Human Rights Award and the 1975 Union of South African Journalists Award.
She and her siblings grew up in Durban, South Africa, in a family of Indian descent. She later gave birth to a son named Rashid.
Her anti-apartheid work in collaboration with Black Consciousness Movement leader Steve Biko resulted in her being imprisoned and denied a trial.