Felix Dzerzhinsky

#181253
Most Popular
Boost
Birthday
11, 1877
Birthplace
Russia
Death Date
Jul 20, 1926 (48)
Birth Sign
Virgo
Birthday
11, 1877
Birthplace
Russia
Death Date
Jul 20, 1926 (48)

About

Remembered as the director of the Soviet Union's State and Joint State Political Directorates (secret police), this Russian revolutionary is infamous for organizing mass, execution-style killings during the years of the Russian Civil War and the Red Terror.

Before Fame

After attending the Wilno Gymnasium and briefly considering a career in the priesthood, he joined a Marxist organization called the Union of Workers.

Trivia

An "Iron Felix" statue dedicated to him once sat in Moscow's Lubyanka Square.

Family Life

The son of Edmund-Rufin Dzierzynski and Helena Ignatievna, he grew up in the Russian Vilna Governate. His marriage to Sofia Sigizmudovna Muszkat resulted in a child named Jan Feliksovich Dzerzhinsky.

Associated With

In 1909, following his 1908 arrest, Dzerzhinsky was able to escape to Italy with the help of author and fellow revolutionary Maxim Gorky.