Former Leader of the Movement for Multi-Party Democracy who held office as Zambia's second president from 1991 to 2002. He was acquitted of corruption charges in 2009.
He was expelled from the Kawambwa School as a teen for his political beliefs.
He was accused of stealing more than $40 million from the Zambian government after the end of his presidency.
He got married to his second wife, Regina Mwanza, in 2002; he had nine children.
He succeeded Kenneth Kaunda as President of Zambia.