Lyric poet and novelist associated with the Romanticism and German Idealism movements. He is perhaps best known for a 1799 novel entitled Hyperion.
He was born in Wurttemberg and studied at the Tubinger Stift before deciding against a career in theology.
He suffered from a severe form of the psychiatric disorder hypochondria.
He fell in love with Susette Gontard, a married woman. Though it could never result in marriage, the relationship was so important to Holderlin that he referenced Gontard (as "Diotima") in many of his poems.