A German chemist who won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1979 for his discovery of the Wittig reaction. He became the head of the organic chemistry department at the University of Heidelberg in 1956.
He fought for Germany in World War I and was an English prisoner of war from 1918 to 1919.
He created a method for synthesis of alkenes from aldehydes and ketones using compounds called phosphonium ylides.
His father was professor at the applied arts high school in Kassel.
He won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry four years after Vladimir Prelog.