Known for his use of wind instruments. His version of the British National Anthem was used for Elizabeth II's 1953 coronation.
He served in the Field Artillery division during World War I and later the infantry. He was captured in 1917 and entertained the other POWs by making music with any instruments they could find around the prison camp.
He taught at the Royal College of Music from 1924 to 1966.
He was the youngest of 10 children. He married his second wife Margaret Gray in 1959, who was his first wife's niece and 42 years his junior.
His life was turned into a 1959 BBC documentary directed by Ken Russell.