German philosopher and mathematician who was an important figure in the history of mathematics and the history of philosophy due to his extensive work including his development of the infinitesimal calculus independent of Isaac Newton.
He earned a bachelor's degree in philosophy in December 1662 from his father's former university.
He was a life member of the Royal Society and the Berlin Academy of Sciences.
He was born to Friedrich Leibniz and Catharina Schmuck and never married.
He is known for developing the infinitesimal calculus independently of Isaac Newton.