A recipient of both the Goethe Prize and the
He published his first poem, "Stella Mystica," at the age of twenty-eight. Around this time, he was also studying medicine; during the World War I years, he worked as an army physician.
His 1924 work Rumanisches Tagebuch was financially successful enough that it allowed him to part with his medical career and more fully pursue a literary life.
He was born in Bad Tolz, Kingdom of Bavaria, to a family of Northern Italian heritage. He and his sister, Stephanie, were the children of a physician and medical researcher father.
Following the World War II era, Carossa became infamous for having been president of the Europaische Schriftstellervereinigung, a literary organization established by Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels.