Jacques Cartier


Birthday December 31, 1491

Birth Sign Capricorn

Birthplace Saint-Malo, France

DEATH DATE Sep 1, 1557 (65)

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French explorer of Breton descent who claimed Canada for France and was the first European to venture inland in America.

Before Fame

He married a member of a prestigious French family in 1520 to improve his social status.


He was the first European to depict and chart the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and the coasts of the Saint Lawrence River.

Family Life

He married Mary Catherine des Granches.

Associated With

He, unlike Christopher Columbus, traveled inland after arriving in North America.