19th century Republican politician from Maine who served as a US Senator from Maine from 1876 to 1881. He also the 28th and 31st Secretary of State under Presidents Garfield and Harrison, respectively.
He was a professor for Western Military Institute, teaching math and ancient languages.
He served as the thirty-first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1869 to 1875.
He was married to Harriet Stanwood Blaine; the couple had seven children: Stanwood, Walker, Emmons, Alice, James Jr, Margaret and Harriet.
He was the Secretary of State for President Benjamin Harrison from 1889 to 1892.